Skip to content


When Yogi and Boo-Boo Go Bad . . . The reality is, you have a much greater chance of being flattened by a semi on the way to the trailhead than you do having a problem with a bear once you're on the trail. But, unlike the runaway semi, the bear danger is mostly controllable with education and common sense, so you have a responsibility to take sensible precautions and know how to respond to the danger if encountered. With apologies to old SNL, here's some information and suggestions that should help you in such a case:

About da bears . . .

Avoiding da bears . . .

Don't feed da bears . . .

Don't be fed to da bears . . .

About da bears...

There are two primary types of bears in the United States - black bears and grizzlies. The latter are found in parts of Alaska, Wyoming, Idaho and Montana. Although they are on the California flag, they are no longer found in that state. Black bears are much more common, and are found in most parts of the US with high elevations. Black bears come in different shapes, sizes and colors. While they were named for their color, they can also be brown, cinnamon, and black with white patches on their chest, but most black bears are in fact black or a darker shade of brown. The black bear is approximately 5 to 6 feet from head to tail, and two to three feet high at the withers. The black bear varies in weight - males from 125 - 550 pounds; females from 90 - 300 pounds. Grizzlies are substantially larger and more dangerous. Other than the size, you can tell the difference between a brown-fur black bear and a grizzly by the snout - the grizzly's is somewhat rectangular and almost pug-nosed; the black bear's is rounder and longer. Bears are very fast - racehorse fast in fact. No point in trying to outrun one; try something else because you'll lose that race. Black bears can easily climb trees; grizzlies usually don't, but can reach up and grab things - including you - several yards off the ground.

Except during breeding season and while raising their young, bears are generally shy, retiring, solitary animals. They try to avoid humans and are considered non-aggressive except when injured, protecting their young, or protecting themselves. The bear is inclined to escape from human presence. Bears are most active in the cool of the evening or early morning. During the heat of the day, they will seek shade in dense underbrush. Grizzlies are less shy than black bears, however.

Bears have a very powerful sense of smell - as in pick out that gum wrapper in your pocket strong - which coupled with strong curiosity can make them an unintentional danger when you're in the woods. So, one key to your safety is to minimize the number of encounters. Here are some suggestions:

Avoiding da bears...

Bears feel threatened if surprised. Here are a few hints to help you avoid an encounter:

Hike in a group or make noise as you hike. Whistle, talk, sing, or carry a noise-maker. Most bears will leave if they are aware of your presence.

Stay in the open as much as possible.

Be especially alert when traveling into the wind - a bear may not get your scent and be forewarned of your presence. And, in dense bush and near rushing water, the animal may not hear your noise-maker.

Scoot on if you come across dead animals or berry patches, important food sources for bears. Bears mostly eat plant life, but will eat meat when available, and may be nearby.

Leave your dog at home. Fido might come across a bear and may come running back to you with the bear in pursuit!

Keep children close at hand on trails.

Avoid wearing strong cosmetics, perfumes, hair sprays, and soaps.

Menstruating women should be extra careful. Bears can pick up the scent of blood.

Set up cooking, eating, and supply areas at least 100 yards from your sleeping area. Clean utensils and cookware away from your tent as well, and then dump dishwater at least 100 yards from your sleeping area. Put garbage and leftovers in containers immediately after eating. The lingering odors of food invite bears, so you don’t want those odors near or in your tent at night. Change your clothes before going to bed -- do not sleep in the same clothes you cook in, or in the clothes that you carried snacks in during the day.

Treat personal items (such as deodorants, toothpaste, make-up, soap, and lotions) just like food as far as storing for the night - any odorous product, including inedible items like candles will attract bears.

Most bear encounters occur in established camp areas when the bears smell food and come looking for the source, especially if they've had success there in the past. If the food is well out of the way or inaccessible, there are rarely problems for the campers - the bear loses interest and moves on. But once a bear finds easy food at a camp, their behavior can quickly become dangerous as they start to expect food from any human camp. The adage is - a fed bear is usually a dead bear. Rangers may eventually have to kill a bear that loses its fear of humans or becomes aggressive in camps because of past success at finding food that way.

Don't feed da bears...

The National Park Service strongly advises (and in many cases mandates) that all backpackers carry and use approved bear-resistant food storage canisters; supplied bear boxes at camps; or to hang food on cables at designated camp sites. If you use a canister, leave it away from your sleeping area. If a bear finds it, do not risk provoking the bear by attempting to take the container away from the bear. These containers easily withstand a bear's pawing, chewing and kicking, so let him have at it. The bear will eventually lose interest in it and leave it alone. If you use a food-hanging method, it requires some engineering and unless properly done, most bears can "outsmart" your effort, snagging your food and leaving you hungry until you get out of the woods. But if you must, here's a couple of recommended ways to hang food and personal items out of the reach of bears.

1) First, start with a stuff sack instead of a plastic bag - one swipe from a paw or a resourceful squirrel or raccoon will dump the contents out of a flimsy plastic bag. Another option is to rent one of our steel mesh, animal resistant bags.

2) Find a branch ideally strong enough to hold your food, but not so strong that a bear could climb out on it. It should also be positioned such that food hanging from the branch will be a good distance away from the ground (at least 9 feet) and at least three feet from the trunk of the tree.

3) Tie a rock to one end of a nylon line and toss it over the branch. Tip - put a rock in a sock or bag first, then tie the sack or bag to the rope - it's easier that way. Now you have the line draped over the branch with both ends on the ground.

4) Divide your food into equal-weight piles. Put each pile into sack(s). Tie one pile's bag(s) onto one end of the rope and hoist it as high as possible. While holding the other end of the line down - maybe under your boot, or with the help of a partner - tie the second pile of bags to that end of the line as high as possible. Leave the excess line outside/on top of the second bag so no rope is hanging down within bear range.

5) Now raise the lower bag up. If you get this just right the upper bag will drop down to the same height as the lower and both will be positioned correctly - balancing each other over the branch and out of harm's way. You might have to push the lower bag up with a stick or your hiking poles to get them even. Get the bags down in the morning by using a branch or your hiking poles to snag the excess rope on the last bag tied, then pull it down, remove it, and let the other bag down.

6) Hanging bags this way is simple in concept but pretty tricky and time-consuming in execution. Finding the right branch can be a problem, and then it takes awhile to get everything hung just right - and you're often trying all this in the dark and cold. Tree branches hardly work like greased pulleys - ropes get tangled and don't move smoothly on rough bark. And several bags of food and personal items can get heavy. That's why we like the bear canisters - sure it's a couple of extra pounds to carry, but it's a whole lot simpler and quicker to deal with. See our video on bear canister options.

7) Here's another bag-hanging alternative that isn't quite as preventative as the preceding method, but is quicker and works fine except against the bears with Engineering Degrees. This way requires a longer rope, but less finagling with the food bags. You also need two branches maybe 10 feet apart and at least 15 feet high that you can drape the rope over to then suspend the bags between these two branches.

Toss one end of your rope over one branch, pulling all of the rope over to the other side except for enough to tie off the now short end of the rope to another tree as high as possible to anchor it. Now tie the bags of food to that point along the remaining rope that would be midpoint between the two branches you've selected. Then toss the rope over the second branch and pull tight, which should leave the bags suspended high and between the two branches. Lastly, tie off the remaining end of the rope to a tree, again as high as possible. Adjust the anchoring points so that the food is between the two branches. The anti-bear concept here is that the bags will be out of the bear's reach, but the ropes that hold the bags will not be so close to the food bags as to be associated as such by the bear, and with somewhat less trouble than the first method. While you're at it, tie pots to your ropes, so that if a bear starts to yank the ropes in any manner, the loud noise should scare it off.

Here is an additional article on bear-proofing your camp site, along with some diagrams, from another author.

Don't be fed to da bears...

What do you do if you're noisy, odor-free, observant, and careful, but still run into a bear on the trail or in camp? Read on . . . .

Despite your best efforts, you may still encounter a bear wandering during its daily travels. Upon spotting a human, the naturally curious bear will either run away, or stop to check you out.

If you see the bear before it sees you, stay calm and quietly back away. If the bear has seen you, talk in a soft to normal voice, so the now-curious bear can determine you are a human - that may be enough for it to want to leave. If a bear rears on its hind legs and waves its nose in the air, it is trying to identify you. A standing bear is curious, not threatening.

Avoid direct eye contact as bears may perceive this as a threat. Don't make any sudden movements, throw anything, or yell. If necessary, back away slowly to give the bear plenty of room to escape - including the right-of-way on the trail.

Watch the bear for aggressive behavior--snapping its jaws together, making a "whoofing" sound, or keeping its head down with ears laid back. Consider any bear that moves toward you aggressive. If the bear does not seem to be displaying aggressive behavior, talk softly in monotones and slowly back up. While you're at it, slowly take off your pack - that may distract the bear for a bit and give you more flexible options if things go bad. But remember, wild bears rarely attack people unless they feel threatened or provoked.

If a bear charges toward you, make yourself tall and stand still. Bears often "bluff charge", and then veer off at the last minute. But again, do not run - including to the nearest tree unless you are sure you can climb at least 10 feet before the bear reaches you. Black bears are agile climbers anyway, but may not be inclined to come up after you. Now's a darn good time to have bear pepper spray with you.

If a bear roams into your camp at night, and has no food easily accessible, it will probably wander back out in a bit. If not, you can try to scare them off by making a loud, deep noise, or bang a shoe against a pot. That'll probably scare it off. If the bear tries to get into your tent, yell loudly (duh!) and try to get the heck out ASAP.

Lastly, if attacked by a black bear, don't play dead, but fight like your life depended on it - it might. Throw things, kick, yell - whatever you have to do. Black bears are rarely itching for a fight, and will likely just take off if you fight back - at least that's the hope, isn't it? Grizzlies are a bit different - some experts suggest that you should play dead if attacked by one of those fellers since they tend to fight until the threat is gone. I guess just hope he's not too hungry .

click here

Enjoying Creative And Imaginative Play With Garden Climbing Frames

Your child develops creativity and imagination even as he plays. This is especially true when he has a climbing frame to prompt his imaginings. When he climbs up a frame, swings on a rope, and slides down a tunnel slide, he is not just climbing, swinging and sliding. In his imagination, he may be sneakily climbing up a ladder at the side of a pirate ship, swinging his way across evil pirates to save a captive princess, and sliding down with her down a shoot, to glorious freedom.

Your child can have several exciting adventures in the safety of your own back yard. You can invite several of his friends over and watch them go through an entire lot of fun and thrilling mini-adventures the entire summer. They will discover a whole new world of excitement and adventure while they play in a garden climbing frame.

A climbing frame includes a variety of accessories that make for fascinating and imaginative active play. There are monkey bars to climb, rope swings to fly with, and slides to glide down on. A climbing frame can even carry a theme to further excite your childs imagination. It can come across as a pirate ship, a fortress, or a castle. Everything is designed to ensure that your child gets everything he needs to fuel his love for adventure.

You can customize climbing frames for your child. You can add a host of accessories to the initial frame. You can opt to add hideaway panels, monkey bridges, dens, platforms, scramble nets and other fascinating accessories to make play more exciting.

Standard features come in different forms to make play more exhilarating for your kid. Instead of the standard belted made-for-one swing, you can opt for glider swings that can accommodate four kids to swing at the same time.

You can have the standard straight slide or a fancier curved slide. To save space and provide your kid a more fanciful sliding experience, you can choose a tube slide that spirals on itself.

You can choose a wooden garden climbing frame which will look great in your lawn. This frame is made from high quality wood. It is strong, safe, and light. It is durable. It is highly resistant to decay, rot, and insects. It has protection from ultra-violet rays.

There are many benefits to having a climbing frame installed in your yard.

Your child has fun. He gets a lot of exercise under the sun to make him fit and healthy. He develops strength, coordination, flexibility and balance. He enhances his social skills by playing with his friends. He sharpens his imagination as he goes on exciting adventures on the frame.

Suppliers manufacture climbing frames with the best interests of children in mind. They use only the finest materials and components in the market. They use stringent quality standards to test the frames before they get them out in the market. They make sure that the frames conform to the highest safety standards.

Elegant Flower Arrangements

Are you planning your wedding? One of the many decisions youll be faced with is selecting flowers for the occasion. There is a wide variety of flowers and flower combinations you can choose from for special occasions. The following are some of the most popular floral blossoms for weddings. Take your pick. boulder florists

1. Roses

Roses have long been considered a symbol of love and beauty. This is mostly thanks to poets and romantic writers whove used it to express love, passion and beauty. They are often the flower of choice on romantic occasions such as wedding anniversaries and Valentines Day.

There are many varieties to choose from. Many brides opt for hybrid tea roses that are uniformly shaped and are a classic. Spray roses are also a great choice with their natural wild look. If youre going for an old-fashioned look, you may want to go for garden roses that are bushier with a delicious scent.

2. Calla Lily

These flowers are well known for their magnificent beauty. They originated from Africa and also go by the name arum lily. They are perfect for adding that elegant touch with their creamy ivory petals. The lilies also come in orange, yellow, dark purple and mauve-pink.

3. Orchid

These were once only accessible to the privileged in society. They are now more widespread and readily available. They are a perfect flower for special occasions. Hybrid breeds means a greater variety to choose from.

4. Tulips

These brightly colored flowers are a great addition for a happy occasion. Colors range from white and cream to bright pinks, peach and yellow. There are also blues, reds and purples to add a splash of color.

These flowers are a great choice, especially for brides on a budget. They are available for most of the year and are quite affordable. If you have a little more room in your budget, you can opt for the rarer varieties which can be more expensive. The tulip is the perfect flower to add a touch of elegance without making the event too formal.

5. Gardenias

These flowers set a soft and romantic tone with their exquisite scent. The South African flower makes the perfect addition to an elegant wedding with its delicate creamy petals. The large flowers can be used as a hair piece or in a bouquet. They make the perfect centerpiece too.

6. Sweet peas

A simple and colorful symbol of lasting pleasure, these flowers originated in Sicily. They have for a long time been associated with bright summer days in meadows. Their sweet scent and ruffled purple and pink petals are the perfect touch to cap any joyful occasion.

7. Hydrangeas

These bushy colorful flowers were once associated with vanity. They offer a wide variety in terms of color ranging from bright pinks to cool sky blues. They are moderately priced and offer up a wonderful calming scent, making them perfect for a bouquet or centerpiece.

Outdoor Camping Advice And Tips

Camping Tips: General Outdoor Tips The tent is the focal point of most camping trips. If youre a beginning camper, there are a couple of different tent tips to remember.

First and foremost, practice pitching your tent before you head to the campsite. Being able to do it quickly and effectively is extremely valuable. When looking for a place to set up, always look for a natural bed of soft, flat soil but avoid the bottom of hills or valleys. Finally, always set up a tarp below your tent to avoid potential damage or water-logging. Campers can also benefit from a few non-specific outdoor principles. Rule number one, no matter the time of year, is to dress in (or at least carry) layers. Its the easiest and most effective way to control your body temperature. Secondly, learn how to use a GPS or map and compass. No matter how familiar you are with a certain wooded area, getting lost among acres of similar-looking trees is very easy. Finally, practice basic outdoor skills such using and sharpening a utility knife, tying various knots, and building a fire. Its this knowledge that separates the amateurs from the seasoned campers.

What to Bring on a Camping Trip With any luck, each camping trip proves to be a unique experience. There are many wonderful things that nature has to offer. But, no matter where youre headed, a few things should always come with you. Below is the short list of camping essentials that should always be packed. A Tent, Tarp, and Sleeping Bag A pot, pan, dishes, utensils, and fire-starting materials (preferably waterproof matches or a butane lighter) A utility knife and length of rope Plenty of water (get gallon sizes for cooking and cleaning) Energy rich, easily prepared foods and snacks (think items like pasta, beans, ground beef, peanut butter, chicken, trail mix, and oatmeal) Plenty of clothing (a good rule of thumb in temperate areas is enough for two to three layers daily) A tight-closing cooler to store your food items in Hand sanitizer and soap Optionally, outdoor gear like fishing poles and hiking equipment

How to Budget for a Camping Trip Like most anything else, budgeting for a camping trip is easiest when you start big and work your way down. First, decide upon an amount you can afford, and make a resolution not to exceed it. Then, begin to factor in the larger expenses things like food, gas, necessary equipment, and campsite fees. From there, work your way down to smaller items until you come close to the spending limit. As that line is tested, youll have to make the nitpicky decisions that ultimately determine your trips bottom line. For instance, you could eliminate that traditional fast food stop on the way there in favor of pre-prepared sandwiches. Little decisions such as these tend to add up in the grand scheme of financial matters, especially when it comes to discretionary spending. Now that you know the basics of camping, what to bring, and how to squeeze outdoor adventure into your budget, nothing is left to keep you from hitting the woods! Camp life is made easier by gaining experience and learning the tricks. Whether you are a camping novice or a seasoned camper you can never be too prepared. Here are our top tips to help make your first camping experience go without a hitch.

Clever Packing When loading up the car make sure you pack the tent last so its the first thing out when you arrive. This is especially important if its raining as nothing else will get wet! You may also want to pack the stove, kettle and teabags last so you can have a cuppa before unpacking. Store everything in plastic boxes with lids- if it rains cardboard will be useless. Large plastic boxes can easily double up as a table too. Always take spare tent pegs, guy ropes and duct tape. Just make sure you remember where youve packed these! A portable gazebo can be really useful for creating an area to sit in especially if you have a few small tents rather than one larger one. The shade from the gazebo is useful for rain or shine! Check the gas for your stove is full!

Pitching Up Practice pitching your tent in the garden before you go; this applies if its a brand new or old tent. There will be nothing worse than discovering a problem with your tent at the campsite! Choose your pitch wisely. Check for levelness (a slight incline is ok), stones and sticks as these can make for an uncomfortable night and even damage your tent. Never ever pitch you tent at the bottom of a hill, under a tree or next to hedges. If you will be pitching your tent at night, take a headtorch so you can see what you are doing. Condensation commonly forms inside tents. To reduce this make sure all available vents are open and avoid bringing wet clothing into the tent. Try not to touch the inside walls of your tent either as this could cause rain water/dew to come through. Home Comforts Electric hook ups are useful if you have a trailer or camper van but can also be handy if you have a tent. Great for phone chargers, electric kettles and even hair driers. If you cant do without make sure your campsite has electric hook ups before you go. Be Prepared Always do your research on the campsite/area before you go. There is only so long you can play board games in your tent in the rain, so make sure there are activities at the campsite for wet weather or the area has places of interest. Alfresco Dining If you wont have the facilities to keep food cold dont take too much fresh food, instead opt for tinned, powdered and packet foods that wont need to be chilled.

Things That Come Handy When Camping Out

If you want to make the most of your camping holidays, you can opt to get caravans for hire. Take your pick from the many companies offering these services in the market. Choose the package that best matches your intended activities and budget. When you are done with that, put a little more effort into packing to ensure that you wont miss anything while you are on your trip.

Have these in your checklist:

1. First-Aid Kit

With or without kids in tow, its important to bring along a first-aid kit in your caravans for hire. Youll never know what youll get yourself into while youre engaging in outdoor activities like hiking, biking, and fishing. Include an antiseptic for washing cuts and bumps, an antibacterial ointment, band-aids and dressings, and OTC medication for pain and other common ailments like tummy trouble and allergies.

Another important item to have in your first aid kit is insect repellant. You dont want your holiday ruined by pesky mosquitoes and flies biting you. You also do not want to bring home insect bites as souvenirs. Choose a bug repellant cream or spray without DEET as this ingredient may be harmful for kids when used in large amounts. You can also light up citronella candles when you are not on the road.

2. Baby Wipes and Hand Sanitizer

Water might not always be available and baby wipes can save you from a number of sticky and messy situations. These are especially important if you have kids travelling with you. You can also use baby wipes for a quick bath when there is no shower available. Just wipe away the grime and sweat from head to toe.

3. Head lamps and flashlights

While its romantic to have the moon and campfiresas light sources, the reality is that its dark out there. The moment you step out of your caravans for hire, you may not be able to find your way around. Its never fun to trip on branches, cables, and whatever else might be out there in the wild. Invest in good quality head lamps, flashlights, and lanterns. Whether its LED, runs on electric or gas, or battery-operated, its your choice. Choose whatever is most convenient for you to use.

4. Shovel

Get yourself a sturdy shovel. Youll need a shovel, well, for digging holes especially when theres no available toilet. You might need to improvise and go old school for an instant forest toilet. You can also use it to clear the campsite ground, to quash out spiders and other insects, and maybe for your self-defense against uninvited guests.

5. Rubbish Bin

You dont want to leave your trash behind the park or campsite, right? You want to be neat and organized. So, make sure to have a trash bin and everybody knows where to throw their rubbish. Dont forget to recycle so make sure to segregate.

6. Books, cards and games

While on your caravan trip, it is best for you and the kids to keep your hands off computers, mobile phones, and other electronic gadgets. Instead, read books, play cards or board games. Its a time to bond with the family around the campfire, eat hotdogs with marshmallows, scare each other with ghost stories, laugh at jokes, and go stargazing. Just cherish that moment with the family and be in awe at the beauty of nature around you.

Awesome Hobbit Costume Ideas For Halloween.

Halloween is a great time for both adults and children to have a lot of fun. Many people start preparing for Halloween weeks before during which, they find a costume for their children. Movie and story themed costumes have become very popular during Halloween. Although some parents like making costumes on their own, you shouldnt worry if you do not have the time or know-how to create your own. Instead, you can buy beautiful costumes such as the hobbit costume which can become a great idea for Halloween with family. 

Alternatively, you can get the lord of the rings costumes for Halloween. These costumes depict different characters from the lord of the rings. Most people know these characters and by adorning their themed costume, you are going to look unique. The characters are very popular both in the books and in the movie and it would be thrilling to wear their costumes. Some of the characters that you should think of include;

Frodo, he is the lead character in the book and is a Hobbit. He is given a ring to destroy by his uncle. The whole story revolves around this ring.

Samwise, also being a Hobbit Samwise is Frodos best friend. He accompanies Frodo in the attempt to destroy the ring.

Gandalf, he is a major character that is widely featured in the Hobbit Costumes. He is a wizard who protects Frodo as he goes on to destroy the ring. At some point in the story, Gandalf dies but later rises back to life. He discovers that the ring was once owned by the evil Sauron and advises Frodo that it is wise to destroy the ring.

Aragorn, he is a king of Rohan and happens to accompany Frodo in his journey. He is featured in many escapades in Frodos the quest to destroy the ring. Aragon gets married at the end of the book.

Legolas, he gets married to Aragon at the end of the book and is a blond elf. She teams up with Aragorn to fight Saurons army. 

Smeagle, as you are looking for the Hobbit costumes, you cannot overlook Smeagle. He was a former Hobbit who found Saurons ring while fishing. He possessed the ring for many years until it changed him into a monster.

It is however important to note that some costumes of the above characters require accessories. For instance, you will need a bow and arrow to complete Legolas costume. Similarly, you will require a ring to complete Smeagles character.

About Bamboo Socks

Bamboo socks have been seen as a true revelation for individuals who have tried them out for the very first time, as well as loved by those who have been wearing them for many years. Once you have tried them, you will always want these socks for your feet.

Benefits Of Bamboo Socks

They are extremely comfortable and can be compared to placing your feet in a deep and luxurious carpet. Bamboo socks also feature a thermos-regulating fabric that will ensure your feet stay cool and dry all day long. These socks are perfect for those scorching days and will keep your feet really warm during the winter months.

The bamboo fibers in these socks are absorbent and will ensure that moisture is kept away from your skin which is a fantastic relief for individuals who may suffer from types of fungal infections.

Bamboo fibers also feature a natural anti-bacterial solution that helps to keep any type of foot odor to an absolute minimum.

Bamboo is also far gentler than most of the man-made fibers and the ideal choice for those who are in search of a hypoallergenic solution.


Bamboo is known to be 100% biodegradable and natural which offers the conscientious consumers with peace-of-mind. Once your bamboo socks are no longer wearable, you will be happy to know that this product can return to Earth leaving a minimal impact on the environment.

Making Bamboo Fiber

Bamboo fiber is utilized for some modern and exceptional textiles. Clothing items such as bamboo socks are made out 100% bamboo fiber. This particular fabric is also used in other products such as towels, underwear, diapers, duvet covers, bed linen and more. Bamboo is the type of fiber that can easily be blended with other fabrics such as Lycra, hemp or cotton.

To produce bamboo fabric of a high quality, a process is used using sodium hydroxide to break this bamboo down. The bamboo is soaked in this solution to produce what is known as cellulose. There have been a few concerns raised about the safety of sodium hydroxide, but when this chemical is used in the correct manner, it will have no effect on workers' health or the environment. This particular chemical is also used in the processing application of organic cotton into a fiber and has approval from the GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standards) as well as the SA (Soil Association). The benefit of using this specific chemical is that it does not leave a residue in the final product and washes away easily.

Planning A Holiday Vacation? Make Cornwall Top Of Your List

Cornwall in the UK is best known for its Cornish Pasty and more than 400 miles of coastline that is bathed by the warm and pristine waters of the North Atlantic. Each year, Cornwall plays host to more than 5 million beachgoers, historical site tourists, and gastronomic guests under the warm and sunny Cornish sky. But what you perhaps do not know is that there are more than a hundred wonderful sights to see in this peninsula jutting out in the southwest corner of the British Isles. Want to know some of these magnificent sights? Read on.

If you are a fan of Arthurian legends, the Tintagel Castle is a must-visit. Known as the birthplace of Englands legendary king, King Arthur, Tintagel is beautifully perched atop a cliff overlooking the surf down below, pecked with wheeling gulls, to provide you with one of the most spectacular views one can ever find. While the castle itself as the birthplace of Arthurian legend is tenuous at best, its marvellous location provides a rare glimpse of how castles look in a fairy tale setting. There are many wonderful places to stay in the part of Cornwall, including campsites and other accommodation options.

Fancy nature and wildlife housed in the largest greenhouse on Earth? The Eden Project should be on your list. The bubble-shaped biomes of Eden are complete miniature eco-systems that characterise the beautiful harmony of plant and animal life in their natural habitats or ecosystems. So, if you want to check whats up in a lush tropical rainforest ecosystem, all you have to do is to enter the Rainforest Biome. Afterwards, if you are entertaining the idea of looking at the different ecosystems that line Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, then you just have to go to Edens Mediterranean Biome. Considered the wet dreams of ecology students, the Eden Project is simply one of the must-visit places in Cornwall. As Cornwalls best known attraction, its natural that a range of holiday accommodation options have sprung up around the Eden Project including boutique hotels, luxury apartments and clamping (posh camping) sites.

Located in the scenic town of Fowey, St. Catherines Castle has attracted thousands of visitors to marvel at its two-gun battery overlooking the famed harbour of Fowey. Revisit the old glory of this English coastal defences as King Henry VIII had to protect the homeland against possible Continental invasion after breaking away from the Catholic Church in Europe. Fowey itself is a picturesque inlet on the Fowey estuary and a great place for sightseeing in Cornwall. Among the many great places to stay include camping sites, guest houses, holiday apartments and cottages in Fowey.

If you are wondering how people work in mines, Geevor Tin Mine can provide you with an up-close-and-personal approach to understanding how Cornwalls skilled miners toiled through sweat and tears just to give the world one of its valuable metals. Visitors can be taken on a guided tour of some of the mines underground shafts. If you are claustrophobic, then you can always stay topside and check out the miners dressing floors. You can also check the rusty machinery and equipment the mine had used in its heyday. Anyone interested in visiting this tin mine, would do well to choose hotels, bed and breakfasts or cottages accommodation at St Ives or Penzance.

Need something you will never really forget? Try going to Cornwalls abbey-crowned island, St Micahels Mount, jutting from the cool waters of Mounts Bay and you will understand why a lot of visitors consider this place as one of the best places to be. The island boasts of a 5th century monastery, rebuilt in the 12th century by the Benedictine monks, and a 14th century church with a surrounding that is blanketed by lush greeneries and a truly spectacular clifftop garden. There are some great hotels and holiday cottages to rent in the area, including many just onshore from the island at Marazion.

These are just five of the most interesting places to see in Cornwall. If youre thinking of where to spend the next holiday, why not make Cornwall your next travel destination?

A Well-behaved Dog Is A Happy Dog - Find The Tips And Tricks To Dog Training Here!

There are lots of benefits to training your dog. It can make your dog act better and help you become better at being a pet owner. The following article will offer many tips and techniques associated with dog training. You and your dog will both enjoy this time.

Always be kind and patient with your dog. Understand that training dogs can be frustrating since some dogs have a more difficult time learning obedience than others. Always try not to lose your temper and resist the urge to scream or shout at your dog. Also, never hit your dog as this will only serve to confuse it and will actually make training more difficult.

Watch what sort of activities you are encouraging your dog to do. Sometimes we may perform actions with our dog without realizing that they are training them to do something we dislike. If every time your dog chews something up you send him outside, you are teaching him that chewing something up is the key to getting outdoor time. Be careful with the actions you take, especially ones that tend to be consistent practices.

Always keep fresh water available to your dog when he is being trained using a crate. One way to do this without making a mess is to furnish the crate with a rabbit water bottle. Just attach it to the outside of the crate with the tip sticking inside. Your dog will quickly learn to drink from it.

Puppy chewing is a natural and necessary behavior, but it can be redirected. A puppy's chewing is one way that he explores the environment around him. Provide your puppy with clear leadership and a lot of human interaction and stimulation. Also, provide him with fun chew toys. This will help stop him from chewing on the things that he should not be chewing on.

If your dog tends to chew on your shoes or other household items, you can stop this behavior by giving the dog a yummy substitute, such as a raw hide bone, to chew. The dog will likely abandon your shoes in favor of the raw hide, as the only reason he or she is chewing your shoes is that he or she is bored and needs something to do.

One of the first things most people teach their dogs is the sit command. This is very basic but is handy for your dog to know, especially when you want to get his attention. One way to teach your dog to sit is to take a piece of dog treat and hold it about six inches from his nose. Slowly raise the treat straight up and say "Fido, sit". You may have to use your hand to help him into the position until he realizes what you want.

Avoid aggressive dog training techniques such as "rolling." Dogs are domesticated pets, not wild pack animals so it is ineffective to treat a dog like a wolf, despite the advice of certain television personalities. Aggressive training does not inspire trust and loyalty, both of which are essential for successful dog training.

Always call your dog's attention by doing the same thing. Always start your commands with his name. Once you call his name and have his attention, begin getting him to do what you would like. Dogs will hear there name and pay attention.

Some dogs have enormous reserves of energy that can cause the dog to act crazy through out the day. For dogs like this a fenced in yard or electric collar fence can be a useful tool to allow the dog to run around in a contained area. The dog will have more exercise and be more relaxed when it comes inside.

When looking to hire a dog trainer, finding someone who uses positive training techniques can be very beneficial. Your dog will respond better to praises, treats, and encouragement than to physical or mental agitation. Negative training methods can be very ineffective and cause harm to the animal as well.

Dog training videos

One of the key factors in successfully training a dog is the commitment to devote sufficient time to the practice and to stick with a consistent schedule. Dogs are creatures of habit, and they learn from consistency and repetition. Also, as you spend more time with your pet, he will begin to trust you more fully and will want to obey. This will help him start to see you as a leader.

Dog Trainer

When looking to hire a dog trainer, finding someone who uses positive training techniques can be very beneficial. Your dog will respond better to praises, treats, and encouragement than to physical or mental agitation. Negative training methods can be very ineffective and cause harm to the animal as well.

There are many benefits to dog training. Dog training will be fun and fruitful when you know what to do. You'll reap the benefits of working with one another.

Who Was The Best Blues Guitar Player?

Although there are literally hundreds of blues guitar players coming mostly from the American South, only a relative few became known as big names. Of those, most became famous well after their deaths. A number of blues men were quite famous in their day, but were far from rich. So we have the dichotomy of fame on those days and fame as it's perceived now, which is a different kettle of fish entirely. Robert Johnson's name comes up again and again, but when he was active (and he died at the age of 26) he wasn't much known at all, just playing regional American music in bars up and down the country.

Most players moved up North from the deep south and perfected their art in the cities, very often Chicago. Big Bill Broonzy became quite a star in the 30s and 40s, often playing guitar with 4 or 5 different bands of musicians in venues all over the city to make a living. It was probably a hard drinking life with not much to recommend it except for excitement, liquor and women. Even Bill's talents couldn't stop him from falling from race when guitarists like Muddy Waters introduced the new electric blues music to the crowds. Broonzy was re-discovered in the 50s and enjoyed another few years of fame in Europe as a folk-blues artist.

Many blues men never made it past their 30s and we can only listen to their records in wonder, although some like Willie McTell, Scrapper Blackwell, Mississippi John Hurt and Reverend Gary Davis survived into their 60s. Interestingly enough, these men that had a huge impact on the blues in general and morn music later on, were not really famous. Blackwell was enormously talented and did enjoy some success as the guitarist half of a duo formed with piano player Leroy Carr, but he too fell into obscurity, being re-discover and making a few records in the 70s.

As can be imagined, many of the re-discovered artists couldn't perform as they did in their peak, simply because they stopped playing for one or two decades and tried to pick it up again, which never really works. Son House was asked to perform again and had to turn his back to the audience because of his nerves! One notable exception was Reverend Gary Davis, who never really stopped playing. He was obliged to play Gospel and blues guitar on the streets to make a living, sometimes teaching at home. Even at 65 he was playing stunning guitar in all styles and eventually made enough money to by a house in the West Indies to retire.

Things To Know About The Green Parrotlet As Pet Bird

The Parrotlet is a big personality in a little Parrot body. They are quite small measuring between 5 and 6 inches long and weighing between 18 and 28 grams. Rapidly becoming the most popular species for most pet bird owners, here are the answers to frequently asked questions about these little green Parrots.

Parrotlets are available in a variety of colors. The Green Parrotlets are usually the most readily available.

Best diet for Parrotlets

This small bird has an appetite that helps energize its constant playful nature. Seeds are a must because they nourish and also provide exercise and interest as it breaks them open. Supplement this with a high-quality pellet as well as vegetable, fresh fruits, millet spray, and a constant supply of fresh water. Avoid avocado, chocolate, alcohol, caffeine, and foods with high salt and sugar content.

The Attention They Need

Every bird needs the owner to attend to its physical and emotional/social needs. However, the Parrotlet is more content to amuse and play itself without the constant interaction that some of the larger parrots need. They like to play in a spacious cage that is properly stocked with treats, toys, and swings that will usually keep them entertained all the day if you normally work away from home.

Once you get home, they will expect attention from you, and schedule 10 minutes or so of training daily helps keep your bird well mannered. They don't need the company of another bird and don't seem to bond to each other, so if you decide to get to be aware that you may need to house them separately because of territorial issues.

Even though they are small, they are fearless and can often be aggressive towards other pets that they may interpret as invading their space. It's best to keep your bird away from other pets and close the door when your bird is out of the cage to avoid confrontations. As for children, they can be very gentle; especially those that have been hand fed from an early age and are use to regular training and human interaction.

Parrotlets have large beaks for their size and can sometimes be nippy. So your child needs to be very closely supervised by you when handling the bird, and an older child who understands how to handle the bird stands the best chance of success.

With proper care, many Green Parrotlets can live between 15 and 20 years. This requires quite a commitment, so make sure you're up for it.

If you're lookin for a place online to purchase parrotlet birds you can often find them by doing a Google search for the name. There are many reputable website that will ship the bird directly to your location for a small fee. Be sure to read any reviews and testimonials of others your purchased before making a decision. Another great place to start is Facebook. Any professional parrotlet aviary would be able to direct you to their Facebook page to see what others have to say about them.

Beautiful Bouncy Castle Hiring

Bouncy castles are an important inclusion for your event that is coming up. You will want to go with a service that will be able to give you a high-quality bouncy castle that is gorgeous and fun for everyone. This is what you will want to include in your event moving forward.

Bouncy castles have a lot of appeal, and when you get them from the right people, the appeal only gets better. This is why you want to hire a bouncy castle


The reasons speak for themselves.

It is popular, and you will see it all the time because people love it, and they are never going to get tired of it. You can set it anywhere, and people will be attracted to it. They will want to hop inside and just jump around for as long as they can. This is what a bouncy house can do when you are inside.

You want to have this attractive option in your event as well wherever you are going to be putting it. This is just such a nice inclusion to have.

Perfect For All Events

The events you are going to be hosting whether they are meant for children or for the community, in general, are going to be ideal for bouncy castles. You will be able to implement this as an activity because people are going to be drawn towards it without you having to say anything.

It almost sells itself when it comes to the event you are going to be hosting.

Some people always end up looking for something like this and realize it should just be a bouncy castle as that is going to be enough. A bouncy castle will indeed look stunning when you put it up at the event.

Having fun does not mean safety should not be a concern. Those who want to have fun will require safe methods to pursue such excitement. There are options where safety is not taken into account, and that is where trouble can loom. With great bouncy castles, you don't have to wonder about safety at all.

You want to look at something that is safe because this is key. If it is not safe, you won't like how the bouncy castle is doing, and that is always unfortunate.

The right service can give you something that is fun and safe at the same time.

Bouncy castles are perfect because you can place them wherever you like and enjoy the weather and people. Who doesn't want to be able to get everyone together for something exciting and jump or "bounce" around in the bouncy castle?

It is just one of those summer activities you will like to be a part of and it is going to excite you. Sometimes, people don't look at the bouncy castle and regret it because they could have had it put inside with ease. You need to look at this as a must-have.

Blues Music - The Origins Of Rock And Roll

Popular music has always reflected the feelings of the common people and their times, whatever period they lived in. In the present day, the problems we encounter are very different from those suffered by the descendents of the Negro slaves in the Mississippi Delta, for example. It's generally acknowledged that the Delta was the crucible that formed the original blues music, spawning such blues men as Son House, Leadbelly and the legendary Robert Johnson.

Even before guitars were widely used to create basic songs, workers in the Deep South would sing 'field hollers', a type of song without music that used a strong rhythm to help the associated work, which was often very repetitive, such as digging, cutting or chopping. Old films of Gandy Dancers exist that show this perfectly. Gandy Dancers were workers who moved along the railroad aligning the rails using long steel crow bars. A team of men would all push at the same time to maximize their force and the song provided the exact timing for this kind of work.

Although a typical blues song followed the 12 or 8 bar format, very often in the key of E or A, another form of the blues appeared that expressed the spiritual aspects of people's lives, and the Spiritual style of roots music was born. Typically, such a song took the form of call and repsonse, where the singer would either be answered by other singers, or by his guitar in later years. The road to modern blues music is paved with many different styles from various guiarists from almost every state in America, acoustic blues guitar lessons should relect this diverse spread.

In the 1930s it was common to have swing bands playing in noisy clubs or juke joints, often with a horn section and piano. The acoustic sound of a wooden guitar was becoming overcome by the other instruments, so the all metal construction of the National Steel type of guitar was favored. Very soon, more power was needed and the first electric guitar appeared. Although certain blues artists such as Big Bill Broonzy were very active in creating a new exciting way of playing, newcomers like Muddy Waters quickly saw the huge possibilities in playing a more amplified sound, with the extra tone effects that electronics brought to the overall sound.

It could be said that this was the time that rock and roll was born, when the new blues men adapted the old style traditional music that had it's roots in the African tradition and generated a new exciting sound that still contained all the power of the traditonal music.

How To Train Your Dog: Some Basic Tips

Pet training is a fascinating subject. Dogs are the most adaptable pet. They are not only intelligent but can be trained to do a whole lot of things. Starting from being just a playful companion it can become a FBI cop too! In fact, dog training dates back to the age when the Romans ruled. Like a human child, a dog learns from the interaction it has with its environment. First of all your puppy should feel at home and be a part of the family. This is very much important if you want your dog to listen to you and adapt to different trainings. Following points may be considered in this aspect:

1. Be consistent: Before you bring home your dog you should decide what he can and cannot do. What are the area of your home in which he is allowed and what the restricted zones are? Are you going to allow him on your bed? Will he have a separate bed? Is he going to dine with you? Will he have a separate chair at the table? You have to be strict with these disciplines. Mixed signals or allowance will confuse your dog and training him will be difficult. Take note whether all your 2. Choice of names: Always choose a short name ending with a strong consonant for your dog. A name with a strong ending like Alex, Tommy, Jack perks up puppy ears. Try to teach him to respond and come to you when he is called. 3. Behave like a master: Your dog should follow your commands. Call him by his names repeatedly. He will respond. Give him bribes in the form of cookies, chocolate when he does so. 4. Make him understand good and bad behavior: Reward your dog's good conduct with toys, treats, love, or heaps of praise. Never reward his bad behavior and do not allow any other member of your family to do so. Again it will create mixed signals and will spoil your effort of training your dog. 5. Create his den: He should have private room or a sleeping place. Make his crate or den comfortable. He should be able to relax there. Put a ticking clock near his sleeping area. This is known to calm canines. Teach him to sleep there. 6. Control his super excited greetings: Jumping up and down vehemently is a common form by which puppies usually greet his owner.

This is regarded as a form of indiscipline in dogs. A well-trained dog should be in proper control of himself. Ignore this jumping up behavior. Do not rebuke. Just do not give any positive reinforcement. This will discourage him to do so in future. Consistent repetition and patience are required to reinforce any sort of training on an animal. And do not forget to love and caress him after he has done something good. Physical contact is important to build relations.

best adviceon dog training

Dog Training Doesn't Have To Be Complicated, Try These Simple Ideas!

dog information

There is no greater joy than a new puppy. Those beautiful big eyes and playful, uncoordinated frolicking will bring you years of fun and love. However, without the proper training your playful pet can easily become an annoying pooch in the blink of an eye. So here are some dog training tips to get you started.

Crate training a puppy must establish the fact the the crate is the new home of the puppy. To help your puppy feel at home, place your puppy's food dish inside the crate. The dog will recognize the crate as having delicious food.

If your dog is sick or injured, don't punish it for doing something outside of it's control. If it vomits in the house, that would normally be considered a bad action, but in the case of sickness they may not be able to control it. Instead take your pet to the vet to see if or what is wrong.

If you have to give your dog a verbal correction, be sure that they are sharp, to the point, and short. Don't rant on and on about how bad your dog is. Just tell them no, and redirect them to the task you are asking them to do. Do not scream, but rather use a loud and firm voice so they understand that you are serious.

Always be kind and patient with your dog. Understand that training dogs can be frustrating since some dogs have a more difficult time learning obedience than others. Always try not to lose your temper and resist the urge to scream or shout at your dog. Also, never hit your dog as this will only serve to confuse it and will actually make training more difficult.

Make sure to use your normal tone of voice while training your dog. It is important not to shout, because your pet will begin to expect you to speak in that manner while instructing him. You do not want to fall into the pattern of having to shout commands at your dog to get him to listen.

Positive reinforcement is an essential component of dog training. Use a happy tone when you are rewarding your dog; pet him a lot, and give him a little treat once in a while. You should never yell at your dog, or physically harm them. Not only does it not work, it encourages the belief by the dog that you have no idea what is going on. To get the best results from your dog training, you need to be firm and consistent, staying positive at all times.

Learn to read how your dog is feeling. By studying your pet's body language, you'll be able to guess whether it is feeling nervous, agitated, aggressive, or calm. If you can predict when a dog is about to behave badly, you can remove it from a bad situation before a problem develops.

Yelling at your dog to stop him from barking can be very ineffective. Instead, try talking calmly to him, and teach him a word that he will associate with quiet. Yelling, to your dog, sounds like you are barking right along with him and so, it can further encourage him to bark.

Some dogs have enormous reserves of energy that can cause the dog to act crazy through out the day. For dogs like this a fenced in yard or electric collar fence can be a useful tool to allow the dog to run around in a contained area. The dog will have more exercise and be more relaxed when it comes inside.

Allowing everyone in the family to tell your dog different things will completely defeat the purpose of training him. Have a family meeting or keep a list of dog training rules on the refrigerator to remind all people that interact with the animal to be consistent with commands, punishments and rewards. Otherwise the dog will be in a constant state of confusion and every family member will be completely frustrated.

Do not call your dog to you for a scolding. You might still be angry at the dog for the trouble he has just caused, but do not punish him for coming when called. It should always be "safe" to come to you when called, and the dog should feel that you are glad to see him.

Make training fun for you and your dog. Choose treats that your dog loves, and give lots of excited praise for good results and even good efforts. Keep sessions short and lively. Give your dog plenty of chances to succeed by practicing commands that he or she knows well, but also add variations and new lessons to keep training interesting.

Wait 10 to 15 minutes after a puppy eats or drinks before you take them out to go potty. Usually, a puppy has to go in a very short time after eating and drinking. To help minimize accidents in between the time you take them outside, remember that puppies do not require a full bowl of water. If you control how much you give them, then you will be in control of training them when they need to relieve themselves.

For urban dog owners, it is especially important that you acclimate your dog to loud noises. If your dog is not used to sudden noises or other spontaneous events, he will have a hard time dealing with the hustle, bustle and heavy construction of the big city. Do your dog a favor and spend the extra time desensitizing him.

If you give a new dog the freedom to roam your home as he pleases, you are likely going to have some problems. You need to introduce the freedom gradually. It will help to avoid accidents on the carpeting, destructive chewing and getting into the things that they are not supposed to. Crate training is the best way to keep your dog behaved.

Following the tips above and persevering with some basic training steps on a daily basis will help your new dog to be an obedient, loved and integral part of the family in no time at all. Just remember that Rome was not built in a day, and neither was a well-trained puppy.

A Special Adventure Trip From Loughborough To Ghana

Individuals who are amazed with places that have rich culture should go on an adventure vacation in Ghana, particularly the city of Cape Coast. The place, which can be discovered in the main area of Ghana, is a location that has a dark history of manifest destiny and slave trading a whole world away from what seams like our regular english suburb town of Loughborough.

Taking a Loughborough Taxis to East Midlands airport might be the first leg of your African adventure. You would be traveling up the road to catch your connecting flight, realizing the wintery scene out the taxis window could not be more different than the scene would be to follow, as you journey south, flying over Europe and down towards the African sub continant!

In Ghana the gorgeous coastline that can be seen in the present does not have traces of the place's dark history: the photo of millions of slaves that are shackled and leaving Cape Coast Castle to go to the New World. Now, the fantastic shoreline does not have a photo of the slaves however of fishermen who are catching different sort of fish and other seafood for a living.

Exactly what is genuinely exciting about the Cape Coast city is that is gives you a wonderful feeling being out there in the vastness of the ocean. Think of, isn't it fairly an adventure to stroll though a huge stretch of a dotted coastline where you can see historical architecture that bear European style, various ports that have particular great to provide, numerous trading stations where you can discover important and uncommon items, and castles-- a few of them are messed up by time-- that surround the 300-mile stretch of Ghana's coastline.

Those who enjoy heritage and rich culture of a particular location will certainly enjoy an experience trip in Cape Coast City specifically of you get to see the UNESCO heritage site, the Cape Coast Castle and the 15th-century Elmina Castle along with the Fort St. Jago, right close to the Elmina.

You will find out that the land is as charming as its coastline if you go beyond the coastline. Traveling by land, you can check out the Kakum National Park that possess a rain forest that can quickly be accessed. It has canopy walkways that enable people to have a breathtaking view of the fauna as well as the animals consisting of unique type of birds, crocodiles, and monkeys.

If you are up for activities that would pump up adrenalin rush, you can reserve for a safari. You can likewise go trekking in the mountains, fishing for some great qualities of fish and other seafood, canoeing or sailing. For a supreme experience, try out being a Ghanian for a day by imbibing their lifestyle.

Everything sounds great however you will need to prepare some things before going off to an experience trip in Cape Coast city in Ghana including:

- the location to remain which can either be the Bridge House that lies throughout the Elmina Castle and the Biriwa Beach Hotel which can be found in a small fishing town called Biriwa. The lodgings typically range from affordable to reasonably costly. Breakfast is the only meal that is being served with the accommodation.

- the best ways to arrive since this will give you an idea of the location where you want to experience your ultimate adventure trip. There are other methods of getting to Cape Coast city-- through air travel or land travel. If you are taking a trip by air, you can take Air France from CDG Airport in Paris to Accra or you can take a trip by land by taking a taxi or bus from the capital of Accra which is 80 miles away from Cape Coast city.

- time of going there which will make sure the success of adventure trip in Cape Coast city, Ghana. Do not go in the months of April to July due to the fact that this is the rainy season.

If you go beyond the coast, you will discover out that the land is as captivating as its coastline. There are in fact two ways of getting to Cape Coast city-- through air travel or land travel. If you are taking a trip by air, you can take KLM flight from Schiphol Airport in Amsterdam to Accra or you can travel by land by taking a taxi or cab from the capital of Accra which is 80 miles away from Cape Coast city.

5 Essential Qualities For Piano Students

Like any other musical instrument, learning to play the piano is not everyones cup of tea. It takes a couple of positive attributes to become an accomplished pianist. However, understanding the qualities required to excel in this art will boost your chances of success. Therefore, this article outlines a few tips that will help you become a competent pianist. Read on to know some 5 essential attributes that a successful online piano student should have.

1. Perseverance

Since mastering the piano takes some time and good measure tenacity, you will not go anywhere if you are the type that despairs easily. Most of the piano playing concepts are not going to be understood in a day. There happens to be a new piano tutorial for beginners that comes highly recommended which you really should check out. The old adage that practice makes perfect is very true in this art. You need to practice perseveringly for you to progress with piano. Even after you are through with your lessons, theres still a lot private practice that you need to undertake to fully hone your skills.

2. Patience

For the umpteenth time, you should remember that learning the piano is difficult. As such, you must be patient with yourself in order to internalize the various concepts involved. On the same note, you should be patient with your teacher because you may think they are too hard on you while they are actually doing the best to assist you. It is not learning the piano alone all good things come with a price. If you are not usually a patient person, practice this virtue before you enroll for online piano tutorials.

3. Reasonableness

ou have no business learning the piano if you are not reasonable. To repeat for your sake, most piano concepts cannot be learned in minutes or even hours. You dont expect to master the Chopin nocturne in a few minutes, for example. In the same vein, you are advised to avoid comparing yourself with other people who have been practicing over the years to avoid feeling humiliated and demotivated. Instead, you should understand that it took them a great deal of patient practice to become great pianists.

4. Dedication

Further, you should be able to devote both your efforts and time so as to succeed in your online piano lessons. And for you to be dedicated you ought to have a genuine interest in the art of piano playing. Ask yourself how much you would like to become an expert pianist. If you do not prioritize this in your life, then you should not indulge in it half-heatedly because you will soon despair. If learning the piano is just another thing for you, then you should just quit before you start.

5. Creativeness

The piano is not a set of scientific set of some natural laws. It is an art and every piece of art requires an ingenuous mind that can creatively flex with the voice of instincts that inspires it. Remember that the role of the pianist is to create. As such, you have no place in this skill if you are unable to come up with something original/new.

A Bit Of Planning Goes A Long Way Before Travelling

If you are travelling internationally, it is a good idea to find out a bit about that countrys culture. A little bit of knowledge can help you avoid doing things which are not acceptable to the locals and can save you from some potentially embarrassing or even dangerous situations. Nobody intestinally sets out to offend the people in the country they are visiting, but different sociality structures or religious beliefs can make things acceptable to western countries, be completely taboo in other countries.

Before you travel abroad, see to it your immunizations are all up to date. Without these you are leaving yourself open to getting sick or even worse. There's no way to know whether your fellow travellers are carrying any diseases, even unknown to themselves. Find out what shots you need and leave yourself plenty of time to get them. Be sure to carry your immunization password/ card with you at all times.

Make sure that you are packed properly for your trip. For example, bring along your own corkscrew or bottle opener if you intend to drink a bottle of wine or enjoy a few beers. The last thing you want to do is to have to go looking for a way to open your beverage of choice. This can just add additional stress, especially if you find yourself battling to understand the language too. A little bit of advanced planning, can make all the difference. If you are planning on traveling by road, then you should have a look at the various routes which are available. Sometimes you may want to take the most direct trip and other times it could be worth taking the scenic route, if there is some place worth visiting. Whatever you choose, you should ensure that you calculate how much petrol and money you will need to get to your destination. Before you leave, you should also decide where the best place to stop off will be, to take a rest and fill up on fuel. This will ensure that you dont have to waste time looking for a petrol station.Alternatively, if it is a really special trip, why not book a chauffeur to do the driving for you?

Before you head off, it is recommended to take out some type of travel insurance, so if the worst were to happen, at least you have some come back. When looking for insurance, its best to get it from an independent operator. If you take travel insurance from an airline that you are travelling with, you would essentially be taking out insurance against that airlines own mistakes or accidents. Also if that airline was to get into financial trouble, you would be trying to claim against that airline directly. Just avoid any of these potential problems, buy sticking with an independent insurance company.

Hopefully, this short article has given you some great pointers for reducing the travel monotony, and will certainly make your next vacation a memorable one.

Aquarium Care Tips For Saltwater Fish

In general saltwater fish are usually a bit more difficult to maintain than their freshwater cousins. That being said, it is not essential to be a specialist in order to keep a saltwater fish tank. Just as with freshwater fish, there are some saltwater types that are hardier than others. There are a couple of standard needs that if satisfied will guarantee that the fish are cared for effectively.

It is vital to simulate the type of food that a fish would generally consume in the ocean. Research the certain requirements of the fish prior to you purchasing them to make sure you are able to supply the food that they require. Over feeding fish is a typical error, particularly amongst brand-new aquarium owners.

The next item on the list of raising a healthy fish is keeping the water properly managed. It is vital to keep the salinity levels, P.H. and temperature level consistent in a saltwater aquarium.

Submersible Glass Aquarium Heaters

There are many models of aquarium heater available today that are available pre-set or with a temperature gauge on the side of the heater or on the control knob to help the aquarist set the temperature, most all of these heaters are completely submersible as well. These Submersible Thermostatic Heaters should be kept under water or no higher above water than the minimum water line mark that most of these heater have, generally about 2-4 cm below the top of the heater. There is some confusion that submersible heaters cannot be submerged totally, all brands of Pre-set thermostatic glass/quartz submersible heater can usually be fully submersed.

The aquarist should allow the pre-set heater to adjust to water temperature for 30 minutes before plugging in pre-set heater to allow the thermostat to adjust. Use these settings on the dial as a guide to make fine adjustments, as they should not be depended upon for total accuracy.

Fish should be made to feel as comfortable as possible in their new home. Carry out some research to discover what type of corals, sponges and plants the fish have in their open water environment. If a particular fish lives on a coral reef, attempt to integrate that into the grand scheme of the fish tank.

Finally try to prevent overcrowding the tank. This is another common issue that can be easily avoided. A basic guideline is one small fish per every ten gallons of water. Bear in mind however, that exactly what is thought about a little fish, may not be so little next month. Do some further research to figure out how huge a fish will grow and if it will tolerate its tank mates.

How to Balance Nutrient Ratios in your Soil

One of the most important things to adhere to in organic gardening is the soil fertility. Soil fertility is dependent on balancing of nutrient ratios using organic minerals. Normally, healthy soil is made up of perfect balance of minerals, oxygen, and organisms. However, most times, as you continue to planting in your organic garden especially without involvement of crop rotation, one or more nutrients will reduce in the soil leading to nutrient deficiency. The role and value of crop rotation in reduction of weeds has been discussed in depth in most articles. In cases, where weeds still persist, they can be used as food for pets, therefore, consider investing in great rabbit hutch plans needed to build an outdoor hutch with a good feeding area for your rabbit.

Some of the most important minerals in soil include Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P), Sodium (Na), and Potassium (K). The soil also needs micronutrients such as Boron, Iron, Copper, Zinc, and manganese. In most cases, N, P, & K lack in soils as the other components such as carbon, hydrogen and oxygen are available in the air. I know you are wondering, isn’t Nitrogen the largest component of air? The answer is yes, but the soil requires special nitrogen fixation bacteria to take the N from air and convert it to a component that plants can easily access in soil. More roles of pests and microorganism in organic gardens covered including the use of a wasp trap and the building of a grand bug hotel to control unwanted pests while encouraging beneficial insects. Soil fertility is dependent in the balanced ratios of trace elements, macro-, and microelements. One of the most important ratios is the carbon to nitrogen ratio as the two components are paramount to release of energy and the crop yield.

All organic matter is made up of substantial amounts of carbon (C) combined with lesser amounts of nitrogen (N). The balance of these two elements in an organism is called the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio (C: N ratio). For best performance, the compost pile, or more to the point the composting microorganisms, require the correct proportion of carbon for energy and nitrogen for protein production. Scientists (yes, there are compost scientists) have determined that the fastest way to produce fertile, sweet-smelling compost is to maintain a C: N ratio somewhere around 25 to 30 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogen, or 25-30:1. If the C: N ratio is too high (excess carbon), decomposition slows down. If the C: N ratio is too low (excess nitrogen) you will end up with a stinky pile.
Sourced from:

The ratio is maintained by the use of organic fertilizers such as compost and green manures. In fact, currently a new trend involves the use of a mineral rich concoction called the compost tea. Further details on the differences and roles of compost and green manures, read here. The organic fertilizer is formed by adhering to the following conditions:

1. A maximum of 35% of the carbon in fresh organic material will be converted into soil humus IF there is sufficient nitrogen present.

2. A minimum of 65% of the carbon in fresh organic material will be given off to the atmosphere as carbon dioxide due to microbial respiration. An argument could be made that composting contributes to greenhouse gases and warming of the Earth's atmosphere. However, consider this, nature is always decomposing everywhere; so, what you are doing in your little compost bin is a mere iota of carbon release compared to nature's vast compost bin in forests, rangeland, etc.)

3. The humus formed from the decomposition of fresh organic material will contain approximately 50% carbon and 5% nitrogen. In other words, the C: N ratio of the humus is 10:1.

4. Most fresh plant material contains 40% carbon. The C: N ratio varies because of differences in nitrogen content, not carbon content. (Note: Dry materials are generally in the range of 40 to 50 percent carbon, and sloppy, wet materials are generally 10 to 20 percent carbon. Therefore, the most important factor in estimating the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio of plant or food waste is how much water is present).

Sourced from: