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Blues Music - The Origins Of Rock And Roll

Popular music has always reflected the feelings of the common people and their times, whatever period they lived in. In the present day, the problems we encounter are very different from those suffered by the descendents of the Negro slaves in the Mississippi Delta, for example. It's generally acknowledged that the Delta was the crucible that formed the original blues music, spawning such blues men as Son House, Leadbelly and the legendary Robert Johnson.

Even before guitars were widely used to create basic songs, workers in the Deep South would sing 'field hollers', a type of song without music that used a strong rhythm to help the associated work, which was often very repetitive, such as digging, cutting or chopping. Old films of Gandy Dancers exist that show this perfectly. Gandy Dancers were workers who moved along the railroad aligning the rails using long steel crow bars. A team of men would all push at the same time to maximize their force and the song provided the exact timing for this kind of work.



Although a typical blues song followed the 12 or 8 bar format, very often in the key of E or A, another form of the blues appeared that expressed the spiritual aspects of people's lives, and the Spiritual style of roots music was born. Typically, such a song took the form of call and repsonse, where the singer would either be answered by other singers, or by his guitar in later years. The road to modern blues music is paved with many different styles from various guiarists from almost every state in America, acoustic blues guitar lessons should relect this diverse spread.

In the 1930s it was common to have swing bands playing in noisy clubs or juke joints, often with a horn section and piano. The acoustic sound of a wooden guitar was becoming overcome by the other instruments, so the all metal construction of the National Steel type of guitar was favored. Very soon, more power was needed and the first electric guitar appeared. Although certain blues artists such as Big Bill Broonzy were very active in creating a new exciting way of playing, newcomers like Muddy Waters quickly saw the huge possibilities in playing a more amplified sound, with the extra tone effects that electronics brought to the overall sound.

It could be said that this was the time that rock and roll was born, when the new blues men adapted the old style traditional music that had it's roots in the African tradition and generated a new exciting sound that still contained all the power of the traditonal music.

How To Train Your Dog: Some Basic Tips

Pet training is a fascinating subject. Dogs are the most adaptable pet. They are not only intelligent but can be trained to do a whole lot of things. Starting from being just a playful companion it can become a FBI cop too! In fact, dog training dates back to the age when the Romans ruled. Like a human child, a dog learns from the interaction it has with its environment. First of all your puppy should feel at home and be a part of the family. This is very much important if you want your dog to listen to you and adapt to different trainings. Following points may be considered in this aspect:

1. Be consistent: Before you bring home your dog you should decide what he can and cannot do. What are the area of your home in which he is allowed and what the restricted zones are? Are you going to allow him on your bed? Will he have a separate bed? Is he going to dine with you? Will he have a separate chair at the table? You have to be strict with these disciplines. Mixed signals or allowance will confuse your dog and training him will be difficult. Take note whether all your 2. Choice of names: Always choose a short name ending with a strong consonant for your dog. A name with a strong ending like Alex, Tommy, Jack perks up puppy ears. Try to teach him to respond and come to you when he is called. 3. Behave like a master: Your dog should follow your commands. Call him by his names repeatedly. He will respond. Give him bribes in the form of cookies, chocolate when he does so. 4. Make him understand good and bad behavior: Reward your dog's good conduct with toys, treats, love, or heaps of praise. Never reward his bad behavior and do not allow any other member of your family to do so. Again it will create mixed signals and will spoil your effort of training your dog. 5. Create his den: He should have private room or a sleeping place. Make his crate or den comfortable. He should be able to relax there. Put a ticking clock near his sleeping area. This is known to calm canines. Teach him to sleep there. 6. Control his super excited greetings: Jumping up and down vehemently is a common form by which puppies usually greet his owner.



This is regarded as a form of indiscipline in dogs. A well-trained dog should be in proper control of himself. Ignore this jumping up behavior. Do not rebuke. Just do not give any positive reinforcement. This will discourage him to do so in future. Consistent repetition and patience are required to reinforce any sort of training on an animal. And do not forget to love and caress him after he has done something good. Physical contact is important to build relations.


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Dog Training Doesn't Have To Be Complicated, Try These Simple Ideas!



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There is no greater joy than a new puppy. Those beautiful big eyes and playful, uncoordinated frolicking will bring you years of fun and love. However, without the proper training your playful pet can easily become an annoying pooch in the blink of an eye. So here are some dog training tips to get you started.

Crate training a puppy must establish the fact the the crate is the new home of the puppy. To help your puppy feel at home, place your puppy's food dish inside the crate. The dog will recognize the crate as having delicious food.

If your dog is sick or injured, don't punish it for doing something outside of it's control. If it vomits in the house, that would normally be considered a bad action, but in the case of sickness they may not be able to control it. Instead take your pet to the vet to see if or what is wrong.

If you have to give your dog a verbal correction, be sure that they are sharp, to the point, and short. Don't rant on and on about how bad your dog is. Just tell them no, and redirect them to the task you are asking them to do. Do not scream, but rather use a loud and firm voice so they understand that you are serious.

Always be kind and patient with your dog. Understand that training dogs can be frustrating since some dogs have a more difficult time learning obedience than others. Always try not to lose your temper and resist the urge to scream or shout at your dog. Also, never hit your dog as this will only serve to confuse it and will actually make training more difficult.

Make sure to use your normal tone of voice while training your dog. It is important not to shout, because your pet will begin to expect you to speak in that manner while instructing him. You do not want to fall into the pattern of having to shout commands at your dog to get him to listen.

Positive reinforcement is an essential component of dog training. Use a happy tone when you are rewarding your dog; pet him a lot, and give him a little treat once in a while. You should never yell at your dog, or physically harm them. Not only does it not work, it encourages the belief by the dog that you have no idea what is going on. To get the best results from your dog training, you need to be firm and consistent, staying positive at all times.

Learn to read how your dog is feeling. By studying your pet's body language, you'll be able to guess whether it is feeling nervous, agitated, aggressive, or calm. If you can predict when a dog is about to behave badly, you can remove it from a bad situation before a problem develops.

Yelling at your dog to stop him from barking can be very ineffective. Instead, try talking calmly to him, and teach him a word that he will associate with quiet. Yelling, to your dog, sounds like you are barking right along with him and so, it can further encourage him to bark.

Some dogs have enormous reserves of energy that can cause the dog to act crazy through out the day. For dogs like this a fenced in yard or electric collar fence can be a useful tool to allow the dog to run around in a contained area. The dog will have more exercise and be more relaxed when it comes inside.

Allowing everyone in the family to tell your dog different things will completely defeat the purpose of training him. Have a family meeting or keep a list of dog training rules on the refrigerator to remind all people that interact with the animal to be consistent with commands, punishments and rewards. Otherwise the dog will be in a constant state of confusion and every family member will be completely frustrated.

Do not call your dog to you for a scolding. You might still be angry at the dog for the trouble he has just caused, but do not punish him for coming when called. It should always be "safe" to come to you when called, and the dog should feel that you are glad to see him.

Make training fun for you and your dog. Choose treats that your dog loves, and give lots of excited praise for good results and even good efforts. Keep sessions short and lively. Give your dog plenty of chances to succeed by practicing commands that he or she knows well, but also add variations and new lessons to keep training interesting.

Wait 10 to 15 minutes after a puppy eats or drinks before you take them out to go potty. Usually, a puppy has to go in a very short time after eating and drinking. To help minimize accidents in between the time you take them outside, remember that puppies do not require a full bowl of water. If you control how much you give them, then you will be in control of training them when they need to relieve themselves.

For urban dog owners, it is especially important that you acclimate your dog to loud noises. If your dog is not used to sudden noises or other spontaneous events, he will have a hard time dealing with the hustle, bustle and heavy construction of the big city. Do your dog a favor and spend the extra time desensitizing him.

If you give a new dog the freedom to roam your home as he pleases, you are likely going to have some problems. You need to introduce the freedom gradually. It will help to avoid accidents on the carpeting, destructive chewing and getting into the things that they are not supposed to. Crate training is the best way to keep your dog behaved.

Following the tips above and persevering with some basic training steps on a daily basis will help your new dog to be an obedient, loved and integral part of the family in no time at all. Just remember that Rome was not built in a day, and neither was a well-trained puppy.